Most diverse southern states
Click here to ENTER
People who live in diverse communities tend to have dicerse stronger connection. Also, they learn to be helpful and happy. The US leads the way sluthern diversity in terms of culture, race, and ethnicity. However, not all cities are aouthern equal in this regard. Some вот ссылка somewhat diverse, while others are pretty homogenous.
The truth is that a diverse town is always more exciting and full. The diversity goes beyond ethnicity to lifestyle, food, and interests.
As a result, residents and visitors have more options in most diverse southern states aspects of life. If you would like to visit a city that embraces diversity, here are 20 dverse the most diverse cities in the United States that you should consider.
Chicago is Situated in the midwest; this city has a long and rich history. This is a prime example of one of the most diverse cities in the U.
Chicago has one of the most diverse populations of any major American city. The other aspects of most diverse southern states in Chicago are the different restaurants. Every type of culture can be found most diverse southern states this metropolis. For instance, Chinatown is home to a large number of Chinese residents. San Francisco is another soutehrn diverse city most diverse southern states.
Anyone can feel at home in this progressive and eclectic place. A thriving foodie scene makes this a must-visit for any food lover. But most importantly, diverse culture in the corporate and startup sectors fosters innovation.
All these factors make it easy to see why San Francisco is considered one of the most livable cities in America and soutthern the world. If you feel much comfortable in a city with people most diverse southern states all walks of life, moving to San Francisco could be a great most diverse southern states.
Its police department advocates for equality, inclusion, and diversity within the city. And many companies are open to hiring people from different ethnicities and most diverse southern states. For example, people from different religions or no religion. You will find temples, mosques, and churches in various areas.
There is an mosh and thriving LGBT community. And a strong policy that prohibits discrimination against those with disabilities.
All this has most diverse southern states make Philadelphia one of the most diverse cities in America. Hence, a great place for anyone pursuing the American dream, regardless of ethnicity, religious beliefs, sexual orientation, or disability.
Most diverse southern states also cuts as one of the diverse places to live and work. A majority of its residents are Hispanic, followed by White Americans. There is a large African-American population too. The metropolitan area has been steadily growing, from around 1 million in to more than 1.
And other diversity indicators in Phoenix include the percentage of households that speak a language other than English at home. According to KJZZthere are over languages spoken in this metropolis.
Are you planning on moving to a diverse city mmost the United States? San Diego is one of the most popular cities for diversity. Mexican cuisine is popular here, and several different taco shops are available. With its mild year-round climate, San Diego is also home to many famous golf courses like Torrey Pines Golf Course, which has hosted the U. S Open three times in its history. Dallas is located in the North Central Region of the country.
It has a population ofand ranks as the fourth largest city in Texas. Dallas is home to many museums and cultural venues most diverse southern states have contributed to its status as one of the most diverse cities in America. Hispanics are most diverse southern states largest Dallas ethnic group, followed by Whites and blacks. And you will find a lot of mixed most diverse southern states that are easy to fit in in this metropolis.
Most diverse southern states leads the pack in several cities with racially diverse populations. Austin is another по этому адресу city in Texas, where you can be yourself and feel like you belong.
It is home to over international students from different countries. The city is also liberal and progressive, with a massive LGBT community. According to Uphomesmost diverse southern states people in this metropolis are welcoming and friendly. Historically, this area was home to the Yokut Indians before it was settled by Mexicans, Europeans, and other groups. Today, the city has become known for its food scene with diverse offerings, including Asian cuisine and pupusas.
The city is vibrant and livable. And its most diverse towns include Sunnyside, Tarpey Village, and Clovis. These three places are filled with family-owned shops, vintage buildings, and wonderful eateries.
Tarpey Village is an old mining town that has been restored and revitalized. You can check out if you want a place to rent or set up a business. Although Long Beach sometimes lives in the shadows of Los Angeles, it is a diverse and thriving city. From its large Asian population to its growing Mexican community, Long Beach is one of the most diverse cities in America.
Juan Rodriguez, a Spanish explorer, was the first European to arrive in this area in Not only does Long Beach contain rich cultures from all over the world, but it also boasts beautiful beaches on most diverse southern states sides of town. A coastal town with cosmopolitan flair, this diverse destination offers a variety of visitors.
Its population is close toand boasts a significant Asian and Black population. This list cannot be completed in San Jose, California. The diversity begins with the different landscapes you can see in these areas and extends to the people and culture.
For instance, you may interact with people from India, Vietnam, China, and Korea in this metropolis. The software industry attracts professionals from all parts of the world. If you want to immerse yourself in a diverse culture and learn an international language, then Silicon Best school.districts in dallas in dallas is for you. Jersey City is a beautiful and vibrant city perfect for those who want to explore diverse cultures, ethnicities, and soutehrn. This metropolis is situated between the Hackensack and Hudson rivers.
Linguistically, this city has impressive numbers, with over languages spoken in various areas. There are also immigrants from Asia and Latin America here. There is even an Annual Diversity Cultural Diversity Festival that attracts thousands o residents and visitors.
Idverse York is a city that attracts most diverse southern states from all over the world. It stages estimated that over 8 million residents have foreign roots. The most diverse places in new jersey boroughs that make up New York are pretty diverse. You can find different ethnic groups living in each borough. Each borough you choose to visit will offer a different experience. And this makes New York an interesting and exciting place to be. If you enjoy people-watching, this is the city for you.
Like New York, Los Angeles is also a city of immigrants. And this makes Los Angeles one of the most diverse cities in the United States. You can find people from all over the world in this city. Consequently, you will find a wide variety of food, culture, and interests. According to Diverxe Angeles Almanacit is the largest ethnic group in this city. And this is equivalent to over 4. Detroit is the largest metropolis in the State of Michigan.
The city is home to many African American, Hispanic, and Asian residents. You can find different cultures and ethnicities represented in other parts of the city. For instance, Dearborn is home to a large number of Arab Americans. The blend and mixture of cultures in Detroit have made it quite livable. From traditional middle eastern barbeque on the streets to taquerias, the diverse city will not disappoint you.
San Antonio ranks what does m&r stand for in business – what does m&r stand for in business: the second largest city in Texas, with a population of over 1. In addition to its size and population, this metropolis is pretty diverse. Most diverse southern states are many interracial families in San Приведу ссылку and people statss all walks of life.
The people in the city are friendly, and it is easy to make friends and enjoy social activities. And even though speaking Spanish could be an advantage in San Antonio, it is not a requirement as many people in the city are bilingual. Known for its rich musical culture, Nashville is home to a diverse population of artists, musicians, and entrepreneurs.
It is a metropolis located in the heart of the southeastern United States and is one of the most rapidly growing cities statrs the country.
Most diverse southern states –
Georgia is one of the most diverse states in the US, new report says. The Most Diverse States In The US For Hawaii · California · Nevada · Texas · Maryland · New Jersey · New York · Florida · Georgia · New Mexico. The demographic trends in Southern states, particularly key national political battlegrounds, mimic the nationwide trends. Texas, which was.
– Most diverse southern states
West Virginia is the least-linguistically diverse state and the second-least diverse for income diversity and educational-attainment diversity. West Virginia is also the third-least racially and ethnically diverse state, with Maine is the second-least diverse state. Its score is Maine is the whitest state in the U.
This makes Maine the least racially and ethnically diverse state. Additionally, the state has one of the lowest levels of industry diversity and household-size diversity. Vermont is the third-least diverse U. Just second to Maine, Vermont is among the least racially and ethnically diverse states, with a population that is Vermont also has the second-lowest level of industry diversity. New Hampshire is the country’s fourth-least diverse state. New Hampshire makes up for its lack of diversity in most categories by ranking ninth for Socioeconomic Diversity.
As the fourth-least racially and ethnically diverse state, New Hampshire is Despite ranking third for Economic Diversity, Montana is the fifth-least diverse state in the United States. Montana is the 10th-whitest state in the U. Montana is also the third-least linguistically diverse state and has the fifth-lowest household-type diversity.
World Population Review. Hover over Click on a tile for details. Diversity by State Some U. Most Diverse U. States 1. California California is the most diverse U.
Finally, Florida is a great destination for people who love water sports. This gem of a town is located in northern Georgia, perfectly nestled on the Georgia, North Carolina, and Tennessee border. Similarly, the charm and quaintness of Blue Ridge is unmatched, filled with delicious restaurants, craft breweries, wineries, orchards, and upscale shops and galleries.
The observation deck is recorded at 4, feet above sea level. Similar to the beauty of Brasstown Bald, Morganton Point Beach — just fifteen minutes from downtown Blue Ridge — offers you the beauty of Lake Blue Ridge with the mountains as a perfect backdrop.
Then, there are the Berkshires of Western Massachusetts. Finally, take the ride north to Salem. Sailing and fishing are popular among locals and tourists alike, and it is easy to see why.
People want to be out on the water. They set out to view the coastlines from offshore and watch the sunset over the many secluded harbors. I love spending time in little towns like Camden, Rockland and Bar Harbor in the summer, where this lifestyle abounds. What Rhode Island lacks for in size, it more than makes up for with beauty. It has a capital city built on canals, colonial villages, and an obscene amount of coastline considering its size. If you take a little more time, visit the classic New England island, Block Island, with its gorgeous lighthouses and famous Mohegan Bluffs.
Nestled on the East coast and classed as the first of the southern states, Virginia is an incredibly beautiful and diverse state. As you move inland from the coast, the land gets swampy and large swamps cover areas of the land. Move a little further inland and the Appalachian mountains coarse through the state to the southwestern tip. Along with stunning geography, Virginia is rich in history and was the first landing spot of British Colonialists. When it comes to exploring the raw beauty of Virginia, a trip to Shenandoah National Park is a must.
Skyline Drive traverses the top of the park and stretches the entire distance, with amazing vantage points that look out over the Shenandoah Valley. To the south of the state is Great Dismal Swamp state park, an amazing park with incredible biodiversity. Keep an eye out for the wildlife in a park as you might be lucky enough to see a black bear bounding through the swamp. At First Landing State Park , you can learn all about the starting point of Modern American history before heading north to the historical triangle where you can visit Jamestown, Colonial Williamsburg, and Yorktown, three of the most important settlements in US history.
The state of Pennsylvania is bookended by two great American cities: Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. When you visit the state, these cities make great stops and are full of history, brilliant architecture and street art. In Pittsburgh, visitors should head to Mount Washington for the most gorgeous views of the city and rivers that define it. There are majestic waterfalls and hiking trails in the state as well.
These are also some of the best places for fall foliage in the Poconos. The Pennsylvania Dutch community is fascinating and the area is one of the prettiest in the state. In central Pennsylvania, visitors can also experience the beauty of the Appalachian Mountains. But this picturesque state offers something for everyone: history, adventure, mountains, beaches, cityscapes, and rolling hills.
The Upper Chesapeake Bay region may be lesser known than the Eastern Shore but this area offers something for everyone. Located in the Northeast corner of the state, this area offers the best of both rural and bay life. The Upper Chesapeake has significant farmland with u-pick orchards, wineries, hiking trails, and horseback riding. If the Upper Chesapeake appeals to you then you may want to check out, Charles County Maryland, located in southern Maryland just 30 miles from Washington.
A visit to the state capital of Annapolis combines maritime history and heritage with city life. This scenic town has it all, a quaint downtown, an awesome food scene, and all things nautical. This family-friendly beach town offers carnival-style rides, loads of dining options, nightlife, beachfront resorts, and more.
Visit the western part of the state where you will find mountains, ski resorts, and a slower pace. Just so you know California beats out all of these states in terms of most scenic, beautiful, and fun states in America.
There is a startling lack of Great Lakes representation in the guide. Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan all have some of the most breathtaking spots and generalized beauty that I have seen in my travels. Thanks for the feedback, Zach! I like the list, although as someone who lives in eastern Washington I have to disagree slightly with your statement. Not all of Eastern Washington is hot and dry. There are actually lush forests on this side of the state!
Such as the Colville national forest. Vermont is beautiful but it is a one dimensional beauty. It has no beaches or major waterways. You must be logged in to post a comment. Rebuilding was difficult as people grappled with the effects of a new labor economy of a free market in the midst of a widespread agricultural depression.
In addition, limited infrastructure the South had was mostly destroyed by the war. At the same time, the North was rapidly industrializing. To avoid the social effects of the war, most of the Southern states initially passed black codes. During Reconstruction, these were mostly legally nullified by federal law and anti-Confederate legislatures, which existed for a short time during Reconstruction. There were thousands of people on the move, as African Americans tried to reunite families separated by slave sales, and sometimes migrated for better opportunities in towns or other states.
Other freed people moved from plantation areas to cities or towns for a chance to get different jobs. At the same time, whites returned from refuges to reclaim plantations or town dwellings. In some areas, many whites returned to the land to farm for a while. Some freedpeople left the South altogether for states such as Ohio and Indiana, and later, Kansas.
Thousands of others joined the migration to new opportunities in the Mississippi and Arkansas Delta bottomlands, and Texas. With passage of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States which outlawed slavery , the 14th Amendment which granted full U. Under Federal protection, white and black Republicans formed constitutional conventions and state governments.
Among their accomplishments were creating the first public education systems in Southern states, and providing for welfare through orphanages, hospitals and similar institutions. Northerners came south to participate in politics and business. Some were representatives of the Freedmen’s Bureau and other agencies of Reconstruction; some were humanitarians with the intent to help black people.
Some were adventurers who hoped to benefit themselves by questionable methods. They were all condemned with the pejorative term of carpetbagger. Some Southerners would also take advantage of the disrupted environment and made money off various schemes, including bonds and financing for railroads. Secret vigilante organizations such as the Ku Klux Klan — an organization sworn to perpetuate white supremacy — had arisen quickly after the war’s end in the s, and used lynching , physical attacks, house burnings and other forms of intimidation to keep African Americans from exercising their political rights.
Although the first Klan was disrupted by prosecution by the Federal government in the early s, other groups persisted. By the mid-to-lates, some upper class Southerners created increasing resistance to the altered social structure. Paramilitary organizations such as the White League in Louisiana , the Red Shirts in Mississippi and rifle clubs, all “White Line” organizations, used organized violence against Republicans , both black and white, to remove Republicans from political office, repress and bar black voting, and restore the Democratic Party to power.
They began to pass laws designed to strip African Americans and Poor Whites from the voter registration rolls. The success of lateth century interracial coalitions in several states inspired a reaction among some white Democrats, who worked harder to prevent both groups from voting.
Despite discrimination, many blacks became property owners in areas that were still developing. By the end of the century, two-thirds of the farmers in Mississippi’s Delta bottomlands were black. They had cleared the land themselves and often made money in early years by selling off timber. Tens of thousands of migrants went to the Delta, both to work as laborers to clear timber for lumber companies, and many to develop their own farms.
More than two generations of free African Americans lost their stake in property. Nearly all Southerners, black and white, suffered economically as a result of the Civil War. Within a few years cotton production and harvest was back to pre-war levels, but low prices through much of the 19th century hampered recovery. They encouraged immigration by Chinese and Italian laborers into the Mississippi Delta. While the first Chinese entered as indentured laborers from Cuba , the majority came in the early 20th century.
Neither group stayed long at rural farm labor. Migrations continued in the late 19th and early 20th centuries among both blacks and whites. In the last two decades of the 19th century about , blacks left the South, and more after , totaling a loss of , After that the movement increased in what became known as the Great Migration from to , and the Second Great Migration through Even more whites left the South, some going to California for opportunities and others heading to Northern industrial cities after Between and , the loss of whites totaled 1,, From to , ten of the eleven former Confederate states, along with Oklahoma upon statehood, passed disenfranchising constitutions or amendments that introduced voter registration barriers — such as poll taxes , residency requirements and literacy tests — that were hard for minorities to meet.
Most African Americans, most Mexican Americans, and tens of thousands of poor whites were disenfranchised, losing the vote for decades. In some states, grandfather clauses temporarily exempted white illiterates from literacy tests.
The numbers of voters dropped drastically throughout the former Confederacy as a result. Alabama, which had established universal white suffrage in when it became a state, also substantially reduced voting by poor whites.
While African Americans, poor whites and civil rights groups started litigation against such provisions in the early 20th century, for decades Supreme Court decisions overturning such provisions were rapidly followed by new state laws with new devices to restrict voting.
Most blacks in the former Confederacy and Oklahoma could not vote until , after passage of the Voting Rights Act and Federal enforcement to ensure people could register. Despite increases in the eligible voting population with the inclusion of women, blacks, and those eighteen and over throughout this period, turnout in ex-Confederate states remained below the national average throughout the 20th century.
Historian William Chafe has explored the defensive techniques developed inside the African American community to avoid the worst features of Jim Crow as expressed in the legal system, unbalanced economic power, and intimidation and psychological pressure.
Chafe says “protective socialization by blacks themselves” was created inside the community to accommodate white-imposed sanctions while subtly encouraging challenges to those sanctions. Known as “walking the tightrope,” such efforts at bringing about change were only slightly effective before the s, but did build the foundation that younger African Americans deployed in their aggressive, large-scale activism during the civil rights movement in the s and s.
At the end of the 19th century, white Democrats in the South had created state constitutions that were hostile to industry and business development, with anti-industrial laws extensive from the time new constitutions were adopted in the s. Traditional agriculture persisted across the region. Especially in Alabama and Florida, rural minorities held control in many state legislatures long after population had shifted to industrializing cities, and legislators resisted business and modernizing interests: Alabama refused to redistrict between and , long after major population and economic shifts to cities.
For decades Birmingham generated the majority of revenue for the state, for instance, but received little back in services or infrastructure.
In the late 19th century, Texas rapidly expanded its railroad network, creating a network of cities connected on a radial plan and linked to the port of Galveston.
It was the first state [ citation needed ] in which urban and economic development proceeded independently of rivers, the primary transportation network of the past. A reflection of increasing industry were strikes and labor unrest: “in Texas ranked ninth among forty states in number of workers involved in strikes 4, ; for the six-year period it ranked fifteenth. Seventy-five of the one hundred strikes, chiefly interstate strikes of telegraphers and railway workers, occurred in the year By , Dallas became the largest city in Texas, and by it had a population of more than 42,, which more than doubled to over 92, a decade later.
Dallas was the harnessmaking capital of the world and a center of other manufacturing. As an example of its ambitions, in Dallas built the Praetorian Building, fifteen storeys tall and the first skyscraper west of the Mississippi, soon to be followed by other skyscrapers.
Each exceeded fifty thousand in population by , with the major cities having three times that population. Business interests were ignored by the Southern Democrat ruling class. Growth began occurring at a geometric rate. Birmingham became a major steel producer and mining town, with major population growth in the early decades of the 20th century. The first major oil well in the South was drilled at Spindletop near Beaumont, Texas , on the morning of January 10, Other oil fields were later discovered nearby in Arkansas, Oklahoma, and under the Gulf of Mexico.
The resulting “Oil Boom” permanently transformed the economy of the West South Central states and produced the richest economic expansion after the Civil War. In the early 20th century, invasion of the boll weevil devastated cotton crops in the South, producing an additional catalyst to African Americans’ decisions to leave the South. From to , more than 6. Black migration transformed many Northern and Western cities, creating new cultures and music.
Many African Americans, like other groups, became industrial workers; others started their own businesses within the communities. Southern whites also migrated to industrial cities like Chicago, Detroit, Oakland, and Los Angeles, where they took jobs in the booming new auto and defense industry. After the Wall Street Crash of , the economy suffered significant reversals and millions were left unemployed.
Beginning in and lasting until , an ecological disaster of severe wind and drought caused an exodus from Texas and Arkansas, the Oklahoma Panhandle region, and the surrounding plains, in which over , Americans were homeless, hungry and jobless.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt noted the South as the “number one priority” in terms of need of assistance during the Great Depression. His administration created programs such as the Tennessee Valley Authority in to provide rural electrification and stimulate development. Locked into low-productivity agriculture, the region’s growth was slowed by limited industrial development, low levels of entrepreneurship, and the lack of capital investment. World War II marked a time of dramatic change within the South from an economic standpoint, as new industries and military bases were developed by the Federal government, providing much needed capital and infrastructure in many regions.
People from all parts of the US came to the South for military training and work in the region’s many bases and new industries. During and after the war millions of hard-scrabble farmers, both white and black, left agriculture for other occupations and urban jobs.
The United States began mobilizing for war in a major way in the spring of For example, in the small town of people in Starke, Florida , became the base of Camp Blanding. By March , 20, men were constructing a permanent camp for 60, soldiers. Huge warplane plants were opened in Dallas-Fort Worth and Georgia. The most secret and expensive operation was at Oak Ridge, Tennessee , where unlimited amounts of locally generated electricity were used to prepare uranium for the atom bomb.
Most training centers, factories and shipyards were closed in , but not all, and the families that left hardscrabble farms remained to find jobs in the growing urban South. The region had finally reached the take off stage into industrial and commercial growth, although its income and wage levels lagged well behind the national average. Nevertheless, as George B. Tindall notes, the transformation was, “The demonstration of industrial potential, new habits of mind, and a recognition that industrialization demanded community services.
Dewey Grantham says the war, “brought an abrupt departure from the South’s economic backwardness, poverty, and distinctive rural life, as the region moved perceptively closer to the mainstream of national economic and social life.
Farming shifted from cotton and tobacco, to include cattle, rice, soybeans , corn , and other foods. Industrial growth increased in the s and greatly accelerated into the s and s. Several large urban areas in Texas, Georgia, and Florida grew to over four million people. Rapid expansion in industries such as autos, telecommunications, textiles, technology, banking, and aviation gave some states in the South an industrial strength to rival large states elsewhere in the country.
By the census, the South along with the West was leading the nation in population growth. With this growth however, has come long commute times and air pollution problems in cities such as Dallas, Houston, Atlanta, Austin, Charlotte, and others that rely on sprawling development and highway networks.
In the late 20th century, the South changed dramatically. It saw a boom in its service economy , manufacturing base, high technology industries, and the financial sector.
Texas in particular witnessed dramatic growth and population change with the dominance of the energy industry and tourism industries, such as the Alamo Mission in San Antonio. Tourism in Florida and along the Gulf Coast also grew steadily throughout the last decades of the 20th century.
The two largest research parks in the country are located in the South: Research Triangle Park in North Carolina the world’s largest and the Cummings Research Park in Huntsville, Alabama the world’s fourth largest. In medicine, the Texas Medical Center in Houston has achieved international recognition in education, research, and patient care, especially in the fields of heart disease, cancer, and rehabilitation. In the Texas Medical Center was the largest medical center in the world including fourteen hospitals, two medical schools, four colleges of nursing, and six university systems.
Anderson Cancer Center is consistently ranked the No. Many major banking corporations have headquarters in the region. Bank of America and Truist Financial are in Charlotte. Wachovia was headquartered there before its purchase by Wells Fargo. Atlanta is the district headquarters of the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. Even with certain southern states and areas doing well economically, many southern states and areas still have high poverty rates when compared to the U.
In the U. In , Fortune companies headquartered in Southern states included: Texas with 50, Virginia with 21, Florida with 18, Georgia with 17, North Carolina with 11, and Tennessee with Southern public schools in the past have ranked in the lower half of some national surveys. Mississippi often scores lower than national averages, no matter how statistics are compared. The Southern United States is home to some of the nation’s largest and most prominent public and private institutions of higher education.
Notable public colleges and universities in the South include:. Southern manners and customs reflect the relationship with England that was held by the early population. Overall, the South has had lower housing values, lower household incomes, and lower cost of living than the rest of the United States. The predominant culture of the South has its origins with the settlement of the region by large groups of people from parts of southern England such as Sussex , Kent, the West Country , and East Anglia who moved to the Tidewater and the eastern parts of the Deep South in the 17th and early 18th centuries, Northern English , Scots lowlanders and Ulster-Scots later called the Scotch-Irish who settled in Appalachia and the Upland South in the mid to late 18th century,  and the many African slaves who were part of the Southern economy.
African American descendants of the slaves brought into the South compose the United States’ second-largest racial minority, accounting for In previous censuses, the largest ancestry group identified by Southerners was English or mostly English,    with 19,, self-reporting “English” as an ancestry on the census, followed by 12,, listing ” Irish ” and 11,, ” Afro-American “.
The First Great Awakening and the Second Great Awakening from about to about generated large numbers of Methodists and Baptists, which remain the two main Christian confessions in the South.
The great majority of black Southerners are either Baptist or Methodist. Apart from its climate, the living experience in the South increasingly resembles the rest of the nation.
The arrival of millions of Northerners and Westerners , mainly since the late 20th century, has reshaped the culture of major metropolitan areas and coastal areas. While Hispanics have long been a major factor in Texas, millions more have arrived in other Southern states during the s and early s bringing values not rooted in local traditions.
He adds other factors such as ongoing economic crisis in Mexico, new more liberal immigration policies in the United States, labor recruitment and smuggling, that have produced a major flow of Mexican and Hispanic migration to the southeast. That region’s low-wage, low-skill economy readily hired cheap, reliable, nonunion labor, without asking applicants too many questions about legal status.
Gonzales argues that the rise of La Raza Mexican American community in terms of numbers and influence in politics, education, and language and cultural rights will grow rapidly in Texas by when demographers predict Hispanics will outnumber Anglos in Texas. Scholars have suggested that in the Deep South collective identity and Southern distinctiveness are thus declining, particularly when defined against “an earlier South that was somehow more authentic, real, more unified and distinct”.
Thus, journalist Michael Hirsh proposed that aspects of Southern culture have spread throughout a greater portion of the rest of the United States in a process termed ” Southernization “. American football is heavily considered the most popular team sport in most areas of the Southern United States. The SEC, consisting almost entirely of teams based in Southern states, is widely considered to be the strongest league in contemporary college football and includes the Alabama Crimson Tide , the program with the most national championships in the sport’s modern history.
The sport is also highly competitive and has a spectator following at the high school level , particularly in rural areas, where high school football games often serve as prominent community gatherings. Though not as popular on a wider basis as the collegiate game, professional football has a growing tradition in the Southern United States. Before league expansion began, the only established professional team based in the South were the Washington Redskins , now called the Washington Commanders.
They still retain a large following in most of Virginia, and parts of Maryland. Baseball has been played in the Southern United States dating back to the midth century. It was traditionally more popular than American football until the s, and still accounts for the largest annual attendance amongst sports played in the South. The first mention of a baseball team in Houston was on April 11, The short-lived Louisville Colonels were a part of the early National League and American Association , but ceased to exist in College baseball appears to be more well attended in the Southern U.
The sport was developed in the South during the early 20th century, with stock car racing’s historic mecca being Daytona Beach, where cars initially raced on the wide, flat beachfront, before the construction of Daytona International Speedway. Basketball is very popular throughout the Southern United States as both a recreational and spectator sport, particularly in the states of Kentucky and North Carolina.
The Spurs and Heat in particular have become prominent within the NBA, with eight championships won by the two between and Golf is a popular recreational sport in most areas of the South, with the region’s warm climate allowing it to host many professional tournaments and numerous destination golf resorts, particularly in the state of Florida.
The region is home to The Masters , one of the four major championships in professional golf. The Masters is played at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia , and has become one of the professional game’s most important tournaments. Hilton Head Island , in South Carolina , is also home to a prominent American golf tournament and has several high-quality courses. In recent decades association football, known in the South as in the rest of the United States as “soccer”, has become a popular sport at youth and collegiate levels throughout the region.
The game has been historically widespread at the college level in the Atlantic coast states of Maryland, Virginia, and the Carolinas; which contain many of the nation’s most successful college soccer programs.
For cancer causes, the South, particularly an axis from West Virginia through Texas, leads the nation in adult obesity, adult smoking, low exercise, low fruit consumption, low vegetable consumption, all known cancer risk factors,  which matches a similar high risk axis in “All Cancers Combined, Death Rates by State, ” from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
In the first decades after Reconstruction s—s , white Democrats regained power in the state legislatures, and began to make voter registration more complicated, to reduce black voting.
With a combination of intimidation, fraud and violence by paramilitary groups, they suppressed black voting and turned Republicans out of office.
From to , ten of eleven states ratified new constitutions or amendments that effectively disenfranchised most black voters and many poor white voters. This disenfranchisement persisted for six decades into the 20th century, depriving blacks and poor whites of all political representation.
Because they could not vote, they could not sit on juries. They had no one to represent their interests, resulting in state legislatures consistently underfunding programs and services, such as schools, for blacks and poor whites. With the collapse of the Republican Party in nearly all parts of the South, the region became known as the ” Solid South “, and the Democratic Party after moved to a system of primaries to select their candidates. Victory in a primary was tantamount to election.
From the late s to the s, only rarely was a state or national Southern politician a Republican, outside from Southern Republican strongholds within the Appalachian mountain districts. Apart from a few states such as the Byrd Machine in Virginia, the Crump Machine in Memphis , and a few other local organizations, the Democratic Party itself was very lightly organized. It managed primaries but party officials had little other role. To be successful a politician built his own network of friends, neighbors and allies.
Reelection was the norm, and the result from to the late 20th century was that Southern Democrats in Congress had accumulated seniority, and automatically took the chairmanships of all committees.
Southern legislatures quickly passed other measures to keep blacks disenfranchised, even after suffrage was extended more widely to poor whites. Because white Democrats controlled all the Southern seats in the U. Congress, they had outsize power and could sidetrack or filibuster efforts to pass legislation they didn’t agree with.
Increasing support for civil rights legislation by the national Democratic Party beginning in caused segregationist Southern Democrats to nominate Strom Thurmond on a third-party “Dixiecrat” ticket in These Dixiecrats returned to the party by , but Southern Democrats held off Republican inroads in the suburbs by arguing that only they could defend the region from the onslaught of northern liberals and the civil rights movement. In response to the Brown v. Board of Education ruling of , Southern congressmen 19 senators, 82 House members of which 99 were Southern Democrats and 2 were Republicans in denounced the Brown decisions as a “clear abuse of judicial power [that] climaxes a trend in the federal judiciary undertaking to legislate in derogation of the authority of Congress and to encroach upon the reserved rights of the states and the people.
Johnson , and Tennessee senators Albert Gore Sr. Virginia closed schools in Warren County , Prince Edward County , Charlottesville , and Norfolk rather than integrate, but no other state followed suit. The northern Democrats’ support of civil rights issues culminated when Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law the Civil Rights Act of and the Voting Rights Act of , which ended legal segregation and provided federal enforcement of voting rights for blacks.
In the presidential election of , Barry Goldwater ‘s only electoral victories outside his home state of Arizona were in the states of the Deep South where few blacks could vote before the Voting Rights Act. National Republicans such as Richard Nixon began to develop their Southern strategy to attract conservative white Southerners, especially the middle class and suburban voters, in addition to migrants from the North and traditional GOP pockets in Appalachia.
The transition to a Republican stronghold in the South took decades. First, the states started voting Republican in presidential elections, except for native southerners Jimmy Carter in and Bill Clinton in and Then the states began electing Republican senators and finally governors. Georgia was the last state to do so, with Sonny Perdue taking the governorship in Southern liberals were an essential part of the New Deal coalition — without them Roosevelt lacked majorities in Congress.
Typical leaders were Lyndon B. They promoted subsidies for small farmers, and supported the nascent labor union movement. An essential condition for this north—south coalition was for northern liberals to ignore the problem of racism throughout the South and elsewhere in the country. After , however, northern liberals — led especially by young Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota — increasingly made civil rights a central issue.
They convinced Truman to join them in The conservative Southern Democrats — the Dixiecrats — took control of the state parties in half the region and ran Strom Thurmond for president against Truman. Thurmond carried only the Deep South, but that threat was enough to guarantee the national Democratic Party in and would not make civil rights a major issue.
In , of the southern congressmen and senators signed the Southern Manifesto denouncing forced desegregation. Southern liberals were in a quandary — most of them kept quiet or moderated their liberalism, others switched sides, and the rest continued on the liberal path.
One by one, the last group was defeated; historian Numan V. Bartley states, “Indeed, the very word ‘liberal’ gradually disappeared from the southern political lexicon, except as a term of opprobrium.
The South produced nine of the country’s first twelve Presidents. After Zachary Taylor won the presidential election of , no Southern politician was elected president until Woodrow Wilson in Andrew Johnson of Tennessee who was vice president in , became president after the death of Abraham Lincoln. Out of the last eleven U. Bush of Texas ; — , and Joe Biden of Delaware ; —present. While George H. Bush and George W. Bush began their political careers in Texas, they were both born in New England and have their ancestral roots in that region.
Similarly, while Joe Biden was born in Pennsylvania , he grew up largely in Delaware classified as a Southern state by the U. Census Bureau and spent his entire political career there. The South has produced various nationally known politicians and political movements. In , a group of Democratic congressmen, led by Governor Strom Thurmond of South Carolina, split from the Democrats in reaction to an anti-segregation speech given by Minneapolis mayor and future senator Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota.
During that year’s presidential election, the party ran Thurmond as its candidate and he carried four Deep South states. Wallace ran for president on the American Independent Party ticket. Wallace ran a “law and order” campaign similar to that of Republican candidate, Richard Nixon.
Nixon’s Southern Strategy of gaining electoral votes downplayed race issues and focused on culturally conservative values, such as family issues, patriotism, and cultural issues that appealed to Southern Baptists. Gingrich became Speaker of the United States House of Representatives in and served until his resignation in Tom DeLay was the most powerful Republican leader in Congress [ citation needed ] until he was indicted under criminal charges in and was forced to step aside by Republican rules.
The Republicans candidates for president have won the South in elections since , except for The region is not, however, entirely monolithic, and every successful Democratic candidate since has claimed at least three Southern states. Barack Obama won Florida, Maryland, Delaware, North Carolina, and Virginia in but did not repeat his victory in North Carolina during his reelection campaign. Native Americans had lived in what is the American South for nearly 12, years. They were defeated by settlers in a series of wars ending in the War of and the Seminole Wars , and most were removed west to Indian Territory now Oklahoma and Kansas , but large numbers of Native Americans managed to stay behind by blending into the surrounding society.
This was especially true of the wives of European American merchants and miners. During this migration, Black people left the South to find work in Northern factories and other sectors of the economy. The migration also empowered the growing Civil Rights Movement. While the movement existed in all parts of the United States, its focus was against disenfranchisement and the Jim Crow laws in the South.
In addition, some of the most important writings to come out of the movement were written in the South, such as King’s ” Letter from Birmingham Jail “. Most of the civil rights landmarks can be found around the South. The 16th Street Baptist Church served as a rallying point for coordinating and carrying out the Birmingham campaign as well as the adjacent Kelly Ingram Park that served as ground zero for the infamous children’s protest that eventually led to the passage of the Civil Rights Act of has been rededicated as a place of “Revolution and Reconciliation” and is now the setting of moving sculptures related to the battle for Civil Rights in the city, both are center pieces of the Birmingham Civil Rights District.
The Martin Luther King Jr. During the s and s, the racial integration of all-white collegiate sports teams was high on the regional agenda. Involved in it were issues of racial equality , racism, and the alumni’s demand for the top players who it needed to win high-profile games. First they started to schedule integrated teams from the North. The wake-up call came in , when Don Haskins ‘s Texas Western College team with five black starters , upset the all-white University of Kentucky team to win the NCAA national basketball championship.
Finally ACC schools, typically under pressure from boosters and civil rights groups, integrated their sports teams. The decisive action ending segregation came when Congress in bipartisan fashion overcame Southern filibusters to pass the Civil Rights Act of and the Voting Rights Act of A complex interaction of factors came together unexpectedly in the period — to make the momentous changes possible.
The Supreme Court had taken the first initiative in Brown v. Board of Education making segregation of public schools unconstitutional. Enforcement was rapid in the North and border states, but was deliberately stopped in the South by the movement called Massive Resistance , sponsored by rural segregationists who largely controlled the state legislatures.