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Another one of Pennsylvania’s nicknames is the Quaker State ; in colonial адрес, it was known officially as the Pennsylvania state Province[] in recognition of Quaker [] William Penn ‘s First Frame of Government [] constitution for Pennsylvania that guaranteed liberty of conscience. It was the only one of the four aircraft hijacked that day that never reached its intended target and the heroism of the passengers has been commemorated. The Pennsylvania state and Lieutenant Governor run as a ticket in the general pennsylvania state and are up for re-election every four pennsylgania during the midterm elections. Main article: Unified Judicial System of Pennsylvania. Boundaries of the United States and the Several States. Between andPennsylvania увидеть больше Democratic in presidential elections; Bill Clinton won the state twice by large margins pennsylvania state Al Gore won it by a slightly closer margin in

– Pennsylvania – Wikipedia

Penn State is a major, public, research-I university serving Pennsylvania and the global community. Learn more about our undergraduate, graduate. LIVE HAPPY. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Keystone State. Proudly founded in as a place of tolerance and freedom.


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Pennsylvania state


Pennsylvania’s reported population of Hispanics or Latino Americans, especially among the black race, has markedly increased in recent years.

It is not clear how much of this change reflects a changing population and how much reflects increased willingness to self-identify minority status. Of the black population, the vast majority in the state are African American, being descendants of African slaves brought to the U. There are also a growing number of blacks of West Indian , recent African , and Hispanic or Latino origins.

Non-Hispanic whites make up the majority of Pennsylvania; they are mostly descended from German, Irish, Scottish, Welsh, Italian, and English immigrants. Rural portions of South Central Pennsylvania are famous nationwide for their notable Amish communities.

The Wyoming Valley , consisting of Scranton and Wilkes-Barre , has the highest percentage of white residents of any metropolitan area with a population of , or above in the U.

The center of population of Pennsylvania is located in Perry County , in the borough of Duncannon. Census Bureau estimates, the state’s poverty rate was Note: Births in table do not add up because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number. As of , In total, 9. Pennsylvania German, spoken by nearly one percent of Pennsylvania’s population as of , is often misleadingly called “Pennsylvania Dutch”.

The term “Dutch” was used to mean “German” [] including the Netherlands before the Latin name for them replaced it but stuck with the Netherlands. When referring to the language spoken by the Pennsylvania Dutch people Pennsylvania German , it means German “. Pennsylvania German is still very vigorous as a first language among Old Order Amish and Old Order Mennonites , principally in the Lancaster County area whereas it is almost extinct as an everyday language outside the plain communities , though a few words have passed into English usage.

Of all the colonies, only Pennsylvania and Rhode Island had the most religious freedom of the original Thirteen Colonies. The chief is, to ill-treat no person on account of religion, and to consider as brethren all those who believe in one God.

Pennsylvania’s population in was 12,,; of these, 6,, Pennsylvania, especially in the Pittsburgh area and Western Pennsylvania , has one of the largest communities of Presbyterians in the nation, being the third highest by percentage of population and the largest outright in membership as Protestant Christians.

The fourth-largest Protestant denomination, the United Church of Christ , has , members and congregations in the state. Pennsylvania was the center state of the German Reformed denomination from the s. Pennsylvania also has a very large Amish population, second only to Ohio among U. The total Anabapist population including Bruderhof [] was ,, about two percent of the population.

As of May , the state’s unemployment rate is Philadelphia in the southeast corner, Pittsburgh in the southwest corner, Erie in the northwest corner, Scranton-Wilkes-Barre in the northeast corner, and Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton in the east central region are urban manufacturing centers.

Much of the Commonwealth is rural; this dichotomy affects state politics as well as the state economy. Pittsburgh is home to eight Fortune companies, including U. Erie is also home to GE Transportation , which is the largest producer of train locomotives in the United States. As in the U. The first nationally chartered bank in the United States, the Bank of North America , was founded in in Philadelphia.

Pennsylvania is also home to the first nationally-chartered bank under the National Banking Act. That bank is still in existence today as PNC and remains based in Pittsburgh. PNC is currently the state’s largest bank and the sixth largest bank in the nation.

Pennsylvania ranks 19th overall in agricultural production. Pennsylvania ranks 8th in the nation in winemaking. The Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture worked with private companies to establish “PA Preferred” as a way to brand agricultural products grown or made in the state to support and promote Pennsylvania products and locally-grown food. Casino gambling was legalized in Pennsylvania in As of , there are 16 casinos across the state.

The Pennsylvania Film Production Tax Credit began in and stimulated the development of a film industry in the state. Pennsylvania has had five constitutions during its statehood: [] , , , , and Before that the province of Pennsylvania was governed for a century by a Frame of Government , of which there were four versions: , , , and The legislature meets there in the State Capitol.

In a study, Pennsylvania was ranked as the 19th hardest state for citizens to vote in. The current Governor is Tom Wolf. The Governor and Lieutenant Governor run as a ticket in the general election and are up for re-election every four years during the midterm elections. The elections for Attorney General, Auditor General, and Treasurer are held every four years coinciding with a Presidential election.

Pennsylvania has a bicameral legislature set up by Commonwealth’s constitution in The original Frame of Government of William Penn had a unicameral legislature.

Pennsylvania is divided into 60 judicial districts, [] most of which except Philadelphia have magisterial district judges formerly called district justices and justices of the peace , who preside mainly over preliminary hearings in felony and misdemeanor offenses, all minor summary criminal offenses, and small civil claims. It also has original jurisdiction to review warrants for wiretap surveillance. All judges in Pennsylvania are elected; the chief justice is determined by seniority.

Pennsylvania is divided into 67 counties. The most populous county in Pennsylvania is Philadelphia, while the least populous is Cameron 4, There are a total of 56 cities in Pennsylvania, which are classified, by population, as either first-, second-, or third-class cities. Boroughs are generally smaller than cities, with most Pennsylvania cities having been incorporated as a borough before being incorporated as a city. Townships are the third type of municipality in Pennsylvania and are classified as either first-class or second-class townships.

There are 1, second-class townships and 93 first-class townships. There is one exception to the types of municipalities in Pennsylvania: Bloomsburg was incorporated as a town in and is, officially, the only town in the state.

Pennsylvania had the 15th-highest state and local tax burden in the nation as of , according to the Tax Foundation. Many state politicians have tried to increase the share of taxes paid by out-of-state sources. Suggested revenue sources include taxing natural gas drilling as Pennsylvania is the only state without such a tax on gas drilling. An individual’s taxable income is based on the following eight types of income: compensation salary ; interest; dividends; net profits from the operation of a business, profession or farm; net gains or income from the dispositions of property; net gains or income from rents, royalties, patents and copyrights; income derived through estates or trusts; and gambling and lottery winnings other than Pennsylvania Lottery winnings.

Counties, municipalities, and school districts levy taxes on real estate. In addition, some local bodies assess a wage tax on personal income. Thirty-two of the Commonwealth’s sixty-seven counties levy a personal property tax on stocks, bonds, and similar holdings. With the exception of the city of Philadelphia , Pennsylvania, municipalities and school districts are allowed to enact a local earned income tax within the purview of Act Residents of these municipalities and school districts are required to file a local income tax return in addition to federal and state returns.

This local return is filed with the local income tax collector, a private collection agency appointed by a particular county to collect the local earned income and local services tax the latter a flat fee deducted from salaried employees working within a particular municipality or school district.

The City of Philadelphia has its own local income taxation system. Philadelphia-based employers are required to withhold the Philadelphia wage tax from the salaries of their employees. Residents of Philadelphia working for an employer are not required to file a local return as long as their Philadelphia wage tax is fully withheld by their employer. If their employer does not withhold the Philadelphia wage tax, residents are required to register with the Revenue Department and file an Earnings Tax return.

Residents with unearned income except for interest from checking and savings accounts are required to file and pay the School Income-tax SIT. The complexity of Pennsylvania’s local tax filing system has been criticized by experts, who note that the outsourcing of collections to private entities is akin to tax farming and that many new residents are caught off guard and end up facing “failure to file” penalties even if they did not owe any tax.

Attempts to transfer local income tax collections to the state level i. The Pennsylvania State Police is the chief law enforcement agency in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Since the latter half of the 20th century, Pennsylvania has been perceived as a powerful swing state , and winning Pennsylvania has since been deemed as essential to U. Only twice between to and with Herbert Hoover and Hubert Humphrey , respectively has a winning presidential candidate failed to carry Pennsylvania.

Between and , Pennsylvania trended Democratic in presidential elections; Bill Clinton won the state twice by large margins and Al Gore won it by a slightly closer margin in In the presidential election, John F. Kerry beat President George W.

The state holds 20 electoral votes. In recent national elections since , Pennsylvania had leaned Democrat. The state voted for the Democratic ticket for president in every election between and During the election campaign, a recruitment drive saw registered Democrats outnumber registered Republicans by 1. However, Pennsylvania has a history of electing Republican U.

From to , the state was represented by two Democratic senators for the first time since after Republican Senator Arlen Specter switched party affiliation. In , Republicans recaptured a U. Senate seat and a majority of the state’s congressional seats, control of both chambers of the state legislature, and the governorship.

Democrats won back the governorship, however, four years later in the election. It was the first time since a governor became eligible for reelection that an incumbent governor had been defeated in a reelection bid. Republican strength was concentrated in the Philadelphia suburbs and the more rural areas in the state’s central, northeastern, and western portions, some of which have long been considered among the nation’s most conservative areas.

Since , however, the Philadelphia suburbs have swung Democratic; the brand of Republicanism there was traditionally a moderate one. In the 21st century, however, Pittsburgh suburbs, which historically had been Democrat strongholds, have swung more Republican.

Democratic political consultant James Carville once pejoratively described Pennsylvania as “Philadelphia in the east, Pittsburgh in the west, and Alabama in the middle”, suggesting that political power in the state was based in its two largest cities, which have been reliably Democrat, offset by the state’s large rural power base, which has proven equally reliably Republican. Political analysts and editorials refer to central Pennsylvania as the “T” in statewide elections.

The state’s three valleys Delaware , Lehigh , and Wyoming Valleys and Greater Pittsburgh generally vote Democrat, while the majority of the counties in the central part of the state vote Republican. As a result, maps showing the results of statewide elections invariably form a shape that resembles a “T”.

Pennsylvania’s two U. Senators are Democrat Bob Casey Jr. Casey would seek reelection in should he seek another term. Toomey, meanwhile, chose not to run for reelection in , and Republican Mehmet Oz and Democrat John Fetterman are seeking to replace Toomey in the general election for the seat.

Pennsylvania has 18 seats in the U. House of Representatives as of Pennsylvania has public school districts, thousands of private schools, publicly funded colleges and universities, and over private institutions of higher education.

Under state law, school attendance in Pennsylvania is mandatory for a child from the age of 8 until the age of 17, or until graduation from an accredited high school whichever is earlier unless students are homeschooled. The following are the four-year graduation rates for students completing high school in []. Additionally, In , Pennsylvania ranked 14th in mathematics, 12th in reading, and 10th in writing for 8th grade students.

This law specifies the requirements and responsibilities of the parents and the school district where the family lives. West Chester University has by far the largest student body of the 14 universities. The Commonwealth System of Higher Education is an organizing body of the four state-related schools in Pennsylvania; these schools Pennsylvania State University , Lincoln University , the University of Pittsburgh , and Temple University are independent institutions that receive some state funding.

There are also 15 publicly funded two-year community colleges and technical schools that are separate from the PASSHE system. Additionally, there are many private two- and four-year technical schools , colleges, and universities.

Carnegie Mellon University , The Pennsylvania State University , the University of Pennsylvania , and the University of Pittsburgh are members of the Association of American Universities , an invitation-only organization of leading research universities.

Lehigh University is a private research university located in Bethlehem. The University of Pennsylvania, located in Philadelphia, is considered the first university in the United States and established the country’s first medical school. The University of Pennsylvania is also the Commonwealth’s only, and geographically most southern, Ivy League school.

The Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine LECOM is a private graduate school of medicine, dentistry, and pharmacy with a main campus in Erie, and a branch campus located in Greensburg with two other campuses outside of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania is home to the nation’s first zoo, the Philadelphia Zoo. One unique museum is the Houdini Museum in Scranton, the only building in the world devoted to the legendary magician.

All state parks in Pennsylvania feature free admission. Pennsylvania also is home to the largest indoor waterpark resort on the East Coast, Splash Lagoon in Erie. The state’s notable music festivals include Musikfest , the nation’s largest free music festival held annually each August in Bethlehem , [] the Philadelphia Folk Festival , Creation Festival , and Purple Door.

The Great Allentown Fair , held annually at the Allentown Fairgrounds since the 19th century, is one of the nation’s longest-running annual fairs.

There are nearly one million licensed hunters in Pennsylvania. Whitetail deer, black bear, cottontail rabbits, squirrel, turkey, and grouse are common game species. Pennsylvania is considered one of the finest wild turkey hunting states in the Union, alongside Texas and Alabama. Sport hunting in Pennsylvania provides a massive boost for the Commonwealth’s economy. The Boone and Crockett Club reports that five of the ten largest skull size black bear entries came from the state.

PennDOT owns 39, miles 64, km of the , miles , km of roadway in the state, making it the fifth-largest state highway system in the United States. Another major east—west route is Interstate 80 , which runs primarily in the northern tier of the state from Ohio to New Jersey at the Delaware Water Gap. Interstate 90 travels the relatively short distance between Ohio and New York through Erie County , in the extreme northwestern part of the state.

Primary north—south highways are Interstate 79 from its terminus in Erie through Pittsburgh to West Virginia, Interstate 81 from New York through Scranton, Lackawanna County and Harrisburg to Maryland and Interstate , which begins 7 miles 11 km north of the Delaware border, in Chester, Delaware County and travels miles km to Clarks Summit , where it joins I The highway south of the Pennsylvania Turnpike is officially called the “Veterans Memorial Highway”, but is commonly referred to colloquially as the “Blue Route”.

The Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority SEPTA is the sixth-largest transit agency in the United States and operates the commuter , heavy and light rail transit, and transit bus service in the Philadelphia metropolitan area.

The Port Authority of Allegheny County is the 25th-largest transit agency and provides transit bus and light rail service in and around Pittsburgh. Intercity passenger rail transit is provided by Amtrak , with the majority of traffic occurring on the Keystone Service in the high-speed Keystone Corridor between Harrisburg and Philadelphia’s 30th Street Station before heading north to New York City, as well as the Northeast Regional providing frequent high-speed service up and down the Northeast Corridor.

A total of public-use airports are located in the state. The port of Pittsburgh is the second-largest inland port in the United States and the 18th-largest port overall; the Port of Philadelphia is the 24th-largest port in the United States. Among them, these teams have accumulated seven World Series championships with the Pirates winning five and Phillies winning two , 16 National League pennants with the Pirates winning nine and Phillies winning seven , three pre- Super Bowl era NFL championships all won by the Eagles , seven Super Bowl championships with the Steelers winning six and the Eagles one , two NBA championships both won by the 76ers , and seven Stanley Cup championships with the Penguins winning five and Flyers winning two.

With five professional sports teams and some of the most passionate sports fans in the nation, Philadelphia is often described as the nation’s best sports city. Open Cup annually. Arnold Palmer , one of the 20th century’s most accomplished professional golfers, comes from Latrobe , and Jim Furyk , a current PGA member grew up near in Lancaster.

The state is also home to Maple Grove Raceway , near Reading , which hosts major National Hot Rod Association -sanctioned drag racing events each year. Over their respective college football histories, Penn State claims two national championships and and seven undefeated seasons , , , , , , and and Pitt has won nine national championships , , , , , , , , and and had eight undefeated seasons , , , , , , , and Pitt plays its home games at Acrisure Stadium , a 68,capacity stadium it shares with the Pittsburgh Steelers ; the team is coached by Pat Narduzzi.

National titles in college basketball have been won by La Salle , Temple , Penn and , Pitt and , and Villanova , , and Pennsylvania has several universities and colleges known as national leaders in college wrestling. Author Sharon Hernes Silverman calls Pennsylvania the snack food capital of the world. Two of the three companies that define the U. The U. Auntie Anne’s Pretzels began as a market-stand in Downingtown, Pennsylvania, and now has corporate headquarters in Lancaster City.

Martin’s Famous Pastry Shoppe, Inc. Among the regional foods associated with Philadelphia are cheesesteaks , hoagies , soft pretzels , Italian water ice , Irish potato candy , scrapple , Tastykake , and strombolis. In Pittsburgh, tomato ketchup was improved by Henry John Heinz from to the early 20th century. Famous to a lesser extent than Heinz ketchup is the Pittsburgh’s Primanti Brothers Restaurant sandwiches, pierogies , and city chicken.

Outside of Scranton , in Old Forge there are dozens of Italian restaurants specializing in pizza made unique by thick, light crust and American cheese.

Erie also has its share of unique foods, including Greek sauce and sponge candy. Sauerkraut along with pork and mashed potatoes is a common meal on New Year’s Day in Pennsylvania.

Pennsylvania has been known as the Keystone State since , [] based in part upon its central location among the original Thirteen Colonies forming the United States, and also in part because of the number of important American documents signed in the state such as the Declaration of Independence. It was also a keystone state economically, having both the industry common to the North making such wares as Conestoga wagons and rifles [] [] and the agriculture common to the South producing feed, fiber, food, and tobacco.

Another one of Pennsylvania’s nicknames is the Quaker State ; in colonial times, it was known officially as the Quaker Province , [] in recognition of Quaker [] William Penn ‘s First Frame of Government [] constitution for Pennsylvania that guaranteed liberty of conscience. He knew of the hostility [] Quakers faced when they opposed religious ritual, taking oaths, violence, war and military service, and what they viewed as ostentatious frippery.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 7 October This article is about the U. For other uses, see Pennsylvania disambiguation. For other uses, see Penn disambiguation. State in the United States. Keystone State; [1] Quaker State. Mount Davis [2] [3]. Delaware River at Delaware border [2]. Flag of Pennsylvania. Main article: History of Pennsylvania.

See also: List of Pennsylvania firsts and List of people from Pennsylvania. See also: Pennsylvania in the American Revolution. See also: Pennsylvania in the American Civil War. Further information: United Airlines Flight Main article: Geography of Pennsylvania. Further information: List of counties in Pennsylvania. Main article: Climate of Pennsylvania. See also: List of counties in Pennsylvania , List of cities in Pennsylvania , List of towns and boroughs in Pennsylvania , List of townships in Pennsylvania , List of county seats in Pennsylvania by population , List of census-designated places in Pennsylvania , and List of populated places in Pennsylvania.

See also: List of municipalities in Pennsylvania. Largest municipalities in Pennsylvania Source: [94]. Further information: List of people from Pennsylvania. Main article: Pennsylvania Dutch language. Religion in Pennsylvania [] religion percent Protestant.

See also: List of Pennsylvania counties by per capita income. Pennsylvania unemployment rate, — US unemployment rate. Main article: Agriculture in Pennsylvania. Main article: Gambling in Pennsylvania. See also: List of casinos in Pennsylvania. See also: Harrisburg in film and television , List of films and television shows shot in Pennsylvania , List of films shot in the Lehigh Valley , and List of films shot in Pittsburgh.

John Fetterman D 34th Lt. Governor Since January 15, Main article: Government of Pennsylvania. See also: Commonwealth U. Main article: List of Governors of Pennsylvania. See also: List of Pennsylvania state agencies. Main article: Pennsylvania General Assembly. Main article: Unified Judicial System of Pennsylvania. Main article: Politics of Pennsylvania. Main article: Pennsylvania’s congressional districts. Main article: Education in Pennsylvania. See also: List of colleges and universities in Pennsylvania.

See also: List of Pennsylvania railroads and List of public transit authorities in Pennsylvania. See also: List of airports in Pennsylvania. Main article: Sports in Pennsylvania. Further information: Category:Cuisine of Pennsylvania. Main article: List of people from Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania portal United States portal. Archived from the original on October 14, Retrieved May 4, United States Geological Survey. Archived from the original on October 15, Retrieved October 24, The Henry J.

Kaiser Family Foundation. Archived from the original on December 20, Retrieved December 9, The United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 27, MLA Data Center. Archived from the original on May 27, Retrieved November 4, Archived from the original on March 7, Retrieved February 22, Archived PDF from the original on December 25, Retrieved December 31, New York: Knopf. ISBN New York: Oxford University Press. Paul Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Retrieved December 8, Retrieved November 30, Retrieved August 17, Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Pearson Education Wright, John K. Atlas of the Historical Geography of the United States.

New York and Washington, D. Plate Sources and Documents of United States Constitutions. Boundaries of the United States and the Several States. Geological Survey Professional Papers. More about us The front doors of the North Office building are locked after 3 p. Customers must enter through the Main Capitol building on third street or the East Wing near the fountain on Commonwealth Avenue.

The department also assists county boards of elections as they assign voters to their correct legislative districts in the Statewide Uniform Registry of Electors SURE , based on the new maps. Learn more. Regulation Waivers and Professional Licensing Information.

Telemedicine Frequently Asked Questions. University Park, Artist Heinz Warneke used a plaster model of the Nittany Lion Shrine to help him carve the limestone for the permanent sculpture.

He worked for four months in front of the public and students on campus. Credit: L. University Park, While beloved, the statue has known its share of controversy. University Park Beginning in the late s, guarding the Nittany Lion Shrine became a time-honored tradition during homecoming weekend to protect the landmark from rival universities. Today, Lion Ambassadors and accompanying ROTC volunteers continue the tradition at a lively celebration following the homecoming parade.

University Park, The first ten Nittany Lion Shrine replicas were created at a one-quarter scale to place around the state at other campuses. University Park In November , Heinz Warneke, then 83, returned to his beloved statue to make repairs to the right ear. Here, Norm Constantine, who was the Nittany Lion Mascot from to , poses in costume next to the statue. University Park The Nittany Lion Shrine area was renovated, as a gift from the class of , to improve accessibility, adding lighting, a sidewalk, and large decorative stones.

Penn State Shenango’s Lion Shrine is beautifully decorated with mums every fall. University Park’s Nittany Lion Shrine, one of the most photographed locations in the entire state, is a popular spot for student and alumni proposals. Credit: R.

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