South Dakota State Capitol – Wikipedia.Pierre, South Dakota – Wikipedia

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Pierre is the capital city of South Dakota and the seat of Hughes County. The population was 14, at the census, making it the second-least populous. Pierre is the state capital, and Sioux Falls, with a population of about ,, is South Dakota’s largest city. South Dakota. Dakȟóta itókaga (Sioux). State.

South dakota capital map


On June 25, when the corner stone for the South dakota capital map Dakota State Capitol was laid, Governor Coe Crawford said in his address: “The new capitol will do more than comfortably accommodate the officers who are to labor within its walls for the people whom they will serve.

It will stand throughout the coming years as an expression of beauty and art, and as the people come and go and linger within dakotaa walls, they will see in it an expression of the soul of the state. June 30, marked the th anniversary of the formal dedication of the South Dakota State Capitol south dakota capital map Pierre. Three special events were held to recognize this important milestone in our state’s history.

The time capsule south dakota capital map placed in a locked glass display case immediately adjacent to the front doors of the Capitol where it can be viewed by the public. The safety of the Capitol and the people who use it is our top priority. Our goal is for it to remain open and accessible south dakota capital map the public while proactively ensuring all who enter have a safe and positive experience.

Capitol visitors will enter through the north doors south dakota capital map be directed into the Security Office. Signage will help direct visitors what to do and capltal them of what items are not allowed in the Capitol.

Capitol Access South dakota capital map Registration Form. Effective July 1,individuals with South Dakota enhanced concealed carry permits wishing to carry a concealed pistol in the State Capitol may do so only after 24 hours advance notice to Capitwl Security personnel.

This notice must include the date or date range during which the individual intends to south dakota capital map a concealed pistol in the Capitol, however, the soutb of dates can not extend beyond December thirty-first of any year. The notification may be renewed by the individual as necessary and without limit. No concealed pistols are permitted in the Governor’s personal office or in the Supreme Court Chamber.

To notify Capitol Security of your intent to carry a concealed pistol in the Capitol, please call or visit the Capitol Security Office on the first floor of the Capitol. Soyth addition to hosting a variety of special State events, the Capitol and surrouding grounds are also available for private events.

Some restrictions apply. For complete guidelines and procedures, visit the link below:. This incredible exhibit chronicle the south dakota capital map years of the State Capitol was displayed at the South Dakota Cultural Capitql Center through December 12, For a preview of the exhibit, click below.

While Pierre ultimately won the right to serve as South Dakota’s capitol city, the competition for that honor was fierce history near nc cities like Huron, Mitchell, Sioux Falls, and Watertown battling for the recognition.

Get an inside look at the fight and the ultimate victory with this informative exhibit from the South Dakota Cultural Heritage Center. Our Statehouse: A Capitol Idea : This entertaining and educational television special from South Dakota Public Broadcasting highlights the history of south dakota capital map State Capitol from the formation of the Dakota Territory through each phase of the construction and restoration of the building itself as well as south dakota capital map some of the historic events that have taken place within its walls.

A must-see for history and architecture buffs along with all South Dakotans interested in the story of “Our Statehouse”. South Dakota Public Broadcasting offers a teacher’s guide, videos, scavenger south dakota capital map, photos, lesson plans, and much more for the South Dakota State Capitol.

The South Dakota State Capitol. Address: E. Capitol Pierre, SD Capitol Security Checkpoint The safety of the Capitol and the people who use it is our top priority. Using the State Capitol and Grounds for Special Events In addition to hosting a variety of special State events, the Capitol and surrouding grounds are also available for private events.

Capitol Fight Exhibit Courtesy of the State Historical Society Our Statehouse: A Capitol Idea Our Statehouse: A Capitol Idea : This entertaining and educational television special from South Dakota Public Broadcasting highlights the history of the State Capitol from the formation of the Dakota Territory through each phase of the construction and restoration of the building itself as well as details some of the historic events that have dkota place within its walls.


South Dakota – Wikipedia.


It is also part of the Great Plains. South Dakota is named after the Lakota and Dakota Sioux Native American tribes, who comprise a large portion of the population with nine reservations currently in the state and have historically dominated the territory. South Dakota is the seventeenth largest by area , but the 5th least populous , and the 5th least densely populated of the 50 United States.

As the southern part of the former Dakota Territory , South Dakota became a state on November 2, , simultaneously with North Dakota. They are the 39th and 40th states admitted to the union; President Benjamin Harrison shuffled the statehood papers before signing them so that no one could tell which became a state first.

South Dakota is bordered by the states of North Dakota to the north , Minnesota to the east , Iowa to the southeast , Nebraska to the south , Wyoming to the west , and Montana to the northwest. The state is bisected by the Missouri River , dividing South Dakota into two geographically and socially distinct halves, known to residents as ” East River ” and ” West River “.

Eastern South Dakota is home to most of the state’s population, and the area’s fertile soil is used to grow a variety of crops. West of the Missouri River, ranching is the predominant agricultural activity, and the economy is more dependent on tourism and defense spending.

Most of the Native American reservations are in West River. The Black Hills , a group of low pine-covered mountains sacred to the Sioux, is in the southwest part of the state. Mount Rushmore , a major tourist destination, is there. South Dakota has a temperate continental climate , with four distinct seasons and precipitation ranging from moderate in the east to semi-arid in the west.

The state’s ecology features species typical of a North American grassland biome. Humans have inhabited the area for several millennia, with the Sioux becoming dominant by the early 19th century.

In the late 19th century, European-American settlement intensified after a gold rush in the Black Hills and the construction of railroads from the east.

Encroaching miners and settlers triggered a number of Indian wars , ending with the Wounded Knee Massacre in Key events in the 20th century included the Dust Bowl and Great Depression , increased federal spending during the s and s for agriculture and defense, and an industrialization of agriculture that has reduced family farming.

While several Democrats have represented South Dakota for multiple terms in both chambers of Congress , the state government is largely controlled by the Republican Party , whose nominees have carried South Dakota in each of the last 13 presidential elections.

Historically dominated by an agricultural economy and a rural lifestyle, South Dakota has recently sought to diversify its economy in areas to attract and retain residents. South Dakota’s history and rural character still influence strongly the state’s culture. Humans have lived in what is today South Dakota for several thousand years.

The first inhabitants were Paleoindian hunter-gatherers , and disappeared from the area around BC. In the 14th century, the Crow Creek Massacre occurred, in which several hundred men, women, and children were killed near the Missouri River. By , the Arikara or Ree had settled in much of the Missouri River valley. Army bought Fort Pierre but abandoned it in in favor of Fort Randall to the south.

Land speculators founded two of eastern South Dakota’s largest present-day cities: Sioux Falls in and Yankton in In , gold was discovered in the Black Hills during a military expedition led by George A. Custer [28] [29] and miners and explorers began illegally entering land promised to the Lakota.

Custer’s expedition took place despite the fact that the Sioux had been granted the entire western half of present-day South Dakota West River in by the Treaty of Laramie as part of the Great Sioux Reservation. A growing population in the Dakota Territory caused political dissatisfaction between northern and southern territory residents, with the southern half being always more populated.

Following the territorial capital being moved from Yankton to Bismarck in the northern part, calls for dividing the territory increased. Eventually, in general election, Dakota Territory residents voted for the division, so it was divided in half and President Benjamin Harrison signed proclamations formally admitting South Dakota and North Dakota to the union on November 2, Commonly cited as the last major armed conflict between the United States and the Lakota Sioux Nation , the massacre resulted in the deaths of at least Sioux, many of them women and children.

During the s, several economic and climatic conditions combined with disastrous results for South Dakota. A lack of rainfall, extremely high temperatures and inappropriate cultivation techniques produced what was known as the Dust Bowl in South Dakota and several other plains states. Fertile topsoil was blown away in massive dust storms, and several harvests were completely ruined. Economic stability returned with the U. Congress, resulting in the construction of six large dams on the Missouri River, four of which are at least partially in South Dakota.

In recent decades, South Dakota has been transformed from a state dominated by agriculture to one with a more diversified economy. The tourism industry has grown considerably since the mid-twentieth century, with the Black Hills becoming more important as a destination. The financial service industry began to grow in the state as well, with Citibank moving its credit card operations from New York to Sioux Falls in , a move that has been followed by several other financial companies.

South Dakota was the first state to eliminate caps on interest rates. In , the site of the recently closed Homestake gold mine near Lead was chosen as the location of a new underground research facility, the Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory.

South Dakota is in the north-central United States, and is considered a part of the Midwest by the U. Census Bureau; [49] it is also part of the Great Plains region. The culture, economy, and geography of western South Dakota have more in common with the West than the Midwest.

Black Elk Peak , formerly named Harney Peak, with an elevation of 7, ft 2, m , is the state’s highest point, while the shoreline of Big Stone Lake is the lowest, with an elevation of ft m. The geographical center of the U. The Missouri River is the largest and longest river in the state. Eastern South Dakota has many natural lakes, mostly created by periods of glaciation. The geography of the Black Hills, long considered sacred by Native Americans, differs from its surroundings to such an extent it can be considered separate from the rest of western South Dakota.

At times the Black Hills are combined with the rest of western South Dakota, and people often refer to the resulting two regions divided by the Missouri River as West River and East River. Eastern South Dakota generally features higher precipitation and lower topography than the western part of the state.

Layers deposited during the Pleistocene epoch, starting around two million years ago, cover most of eastern South Dakota. The Great Plains cover most of the western two-thirds of South Dakota. West of the Missouri River the landscape becomes more arid and rugged, consisting of rolling hills, plains, ravines, and steep flat-topped hills called buttes.

Erosion from the Black Hills, marine skeletons which fell to the bottom of a large shallow sea that once covered the area, and volcanic material all contribute to the geology of this area. This range of low mountains covers 6, sq mi 16, km 2 , with peaks that rise from 2, to 4, feet to 1, m above their bases.

This area features rocks such as limestone , which were deposited here when the area formed the shoreline of an ancient inland sea. Much of South Dakota except for the Black Hills area is dominated by a temperate grassland biome. Due to a higher elevation and level of precipitation, the Black Hills ecology differs significantly from that of the plains. South Dakota has a continental climate with four distinct seasons, ranging from cold, dry winters to warm and semi-humid summers.

Average annual precipitation in South Dakota ranges from semi-arid conditions in the northwestern part of the state around 15 inches or mm to semi-humid around the southeast portion of the state around 25 inches or mm , [73] although a small area centered on Lead in the Black Hills has the highest precipitation at nearly 30 inches mm per year. South Dakota summers bring frequent, sometimes severe, thunderstorms with high winds, thunder, and hail.

The state’s eastern part is often considered part of Tornado Alley , [77] and South Dakota experiences an average of 30 tornadoes each year. South Dakota has several sites administered by the National Park Service.

Two national parks have been established in the state, both in its southwestern region. Wind Cave National Park , established in in the Black Hills , has an extensive cave network and is home to a large herd of bison. The sculpture of four U.

Presidents was carved into the mountainside by sculptor Gutzon Borglum. It is a working paleontological dig and has one of the world’s largest concentrations of mammoth remains. At the estimate South Dakota’s population was , on July 1, , a 0. Females made up approximately As of the census, South Dakota ranked fifth-lowest in the nation in population and population density, only North Dakota , Alaska , Vermont , and Wyoming have fewer residents.

Of the people residing in South Dakota, Island areas, or born abroad to American parent s , and 2. Ethnically, 2. As of , As of , the five largest ancestry groups in South Dakota are German German Americans are the largest ancestry group in most parts of the state, especially in East River east of the Missouri River , although there are also large Scandinavian-descended populations in some counties.

South Dakota has the nation’s largest population of Hutterites , [99] a communal Anabaptist group which emigrated in from German-speaking villages in what today is Ukraine but at that time was part of the Russian Empire. American Indians , largely Lakota , Dakota , and Nakota Sioux , are predominant in several counties and constitute 20 percent of the population in West River. The seven large Indian reservations in the state occupy an area much diminished from their former Great Sioux Reservation of West River, which the federal government had once allocated to the Sioux tribes.

Five of the state’s counties are wholly within the boundaries of sovereign Indian reservations. In the legislature passed a law to make English the “common language” of the state.

Other languages spoken included Vietnamese 0. Over the last several decades, the population in many rural areas has declined in South Dakota, in common with other Great Plains states. The change has been characterized as ” rural flight ” as family farming has declined.

Young people have moved to cities for other employment. This trend has continued in recent years, with 30 of South Dakota’s counties losing population between the and the census. The effect of rural flight has not been spread evenly through South Dakota, however. Although most rural counties and small towns have lost population, the Sioux Falls area, the larger counties along Interstate 29 , the Black Hills, and many Indian reservations have all gained population.

Lincoln County near Sioux Falls was the seventh fastest-growing county by percentage in the United States in Together, all kinds of Protestants accounted for 57 percent. Those unaffiliated with any religion represented 18 percent of the population. The service industry is the largest economic contributor in South Dakota. This sector includes the retail, finance, and health care industries. Citibank , which was at one time the largest bank holding company in the United States, established national banking operations in South Dakota in to take advantage of favorable banking regulations.


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