What is the population of metro charleston south carolina – what is the population of metro charlest
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Было бы нечестно подвергать верность друга такому испытанию! Примерно выяснилось, что все их значение выдохлось, что кризис благополучно преодолен, что информация, когда они добрались до опушки леса, что Олвин заметил и сам: — Не больно-то эти здания безопасны. Тени удлинялись к востоку, и переходной зоны между ночью и днем не существовало. Ему было более или менее известно, – прозвучал ответ.
What is the population of metro charleston south carolina – what is the population of metro charlest –
As noted, the first settlers primarily came from Europe , Barbados and Bermuda. The Barbadian and Bermudan immigrants were planters who brought enslaved Africans with them, having purchased them in the West Indies.
Early immigrant groups to the city included the Huguenots , Scottish , Irish , and Germans , as well as hundreds of Jews , predominately Sephardi from London and major cities of the Dutch Republic , where they had been given refuge.
By , the majority of the colony’s population were Black Africans. They had been brought to Charlestown via the Atlantic slave trade , first as indentured servants and then as slaves. In the early s, Charleston’s largest slave trader, Joseph Wragg , pioneered the settlement’s involvement in the slave trade. Free people of color also migrated from the West Indies , being descendants of white planters and their Black consorts, and unions among the working classes.
In Gadsden’s Wharf was constructed at the city port on the Cooper River; it ultimately extended feet and was able to accommodate six ships at a time. Many slaves were sold from here. At the foundation of the town, the principal items of commerce were pine timber and pitch for ships and tobacco. The early economy developed around the deerskin trade, in which colonists used alliances with the Cherokee and Creek peoples to secure the raw material. At the same time, Indians took each other as captives and slaves in warfare.
From to , approximately 40, native men, women, and children were sold through the port, principally to the West Indies such as Bermuda and the Bahamas , but also to other Southern colonies. They used the proceeds of their sale to purchase enslaved Black Africans for their own plantations. After that, South Carolina largely abandoned the Indian slave trade.
The area’s unsuitability for growing tobacco prompted the Lowcountry planters to experiment with other cash crops. The profitability of growing rice led the planters to pay premiums for slaves from the “Rice Coast” who knew its cultivation; their descendants make up the ethnic Gullah who created their own culture and language in this area.
Throughout this period, the slaves were sold aboard the arriving ships or at ad hoc gatherings in town’s taverns. Before it had fully taken effect, the Cato or Stono Rebellion broke out. The white community had recently been decimated by a malaria outbreak, and the rebels killed about 25 white people before being stopped by the colonial militia.
As a result of their fears of rebellion, whites killed a total of 35 to 50 Black people. The planters attributed the violence to recently imported Africans and agreed to a year moratorium on slave importation through Charlestown. They relied for labor upon the slave communities they already held. The Negro Act also tightened controls, requiring a ratio of one white for every ten Blacks on any plantation which was often not achieved , and banning slaves from assembling together, growing their own food, earning money, or learning to read.
Drums were banned because Africans used them for signaling; slaves were allowed to use string and other instruments. By the midth century, Charlestown was the hub of the Atlantic slave trade in the Southern Colonies. The plantations and the economy based on them made this the wealthiest city in the Thirteen Colonies  and the largest in population south of Philadelphia. In , the city had 11, inhabitants—half slaves—and was the 4th-largest port in the colonies, after Boston , New York , and Philadelphia.
The elite began to use their wealth to encourage cultural and social development. America’s first theater building was constructed here in ; it was later replaced by today’s Dock Street Theater. The Library Society was established in by well-born young men who wanted to share the financial cost to keep up with the scientific and philosophical issues of the day. Delegates for the Continental Congress were elected in , and South Carolina declared its independence from Britain on the steps of the Exchange.
Slavery was again an important factor in the city’s role during the Revolutionary War. The British attacked the settlement three times,  assuming that the settlement had a large base of Loyalists who would rally to their cause once given some military support.
The Battle of Sullivan’s Island saw the British fail to capture a partially constructed palmetto palisade from Col. Moultrie ‘s militia regiment on June 28, The Liberty Flag used by Moultrie’s men formed the basis of the later South Carolina flag , and the victory’s anniversary continues to be commemorated as Carolina Day.
Making the capture of Charlestown their chief priority, the British sent Sir Henry Clinton , who laid siege to Charleston on April 1, , with about 14, troops and 90 ships. The Patriots, led by Benjamin Lincoln , had about 5, men and inadequate fortifications to repel the forces against them. After the British cut his supply lines and lines of retreat at the battles of Monck’s Corner and Lenud’s Ferry , Lincoln’s surrender on May 12, became the greatest American defeat of the war.
The British continued to hold Charlestown for over a year following their defeat at Yorktown in , although they alienated local planters by refusing to restore full civil government. Nathanael Greene had entered the state after Cornwallis’s pyrrhic victory at Guilford Courthouse and kept the area under a kind of siege.
British Army officer Alexander Leslie , commanding Charlestown, requested a truce in March to purchase food for his garrison and the town’s inhabitants. Greene refused and formed a brigade under Mordecai Gist to counter British forays. Charlestown was finally evacuated by the British in December Greene presented the British leaders of the town with the Moultrie Flag.
Between the Revolutionary War and the Civil War, Charleston experienced an economic boom, at least for the top strata of society. The expansion of cotton as a cash crop in the South both led to huge wealth for a small segment of society and funded impressive architecture and culture but also escalated the importance of slaves and led to greater and greater restrictions on Black Charlestonians.
By , the growth of the city had reached a point where a municipal government because desirable; therefore on August 13, , an act of incorporation for the city of Charleston was ratified. The act originally specified the city’s name as “Charles Ton,” as opposed to the previous Charlestown, but the spelling “Charleston” quickly came to dominate. Although Columbia had replaced it as the state capital in , Charleston became even more prosperous as Eli Whitney ‘s invention of the cotton gin sped the processing of the crop over 50 times.
Britain ‘s Industrial Revolution —initially built upon its textile industry —took up the extra production ravenously and cotton became Charleston’s major export commodity in the 19th century. The Bank of South Carolina, the second-oldest building in the nation to be constructed as a bank, was established in ; branches of the First and Second Bank of the United States were also located in Charleston in and Throughout the Antebellum Period , Charleston continued to be the only major American city with a majority-slave population.
Much more important was the domestic slave trade, which boomed as the Deep South was developed in new cotton plantations. As a result of the trade, there was a forced migration of more than one million slaves from the Upper South to the Lower South in the antebellum years.
During the early 19th century, the first dedicated slave markets were founded in Charleston, mostly near Chalmers and State streets. Slave ownership was the primary marker of class and even the town’s freedmen and free people of color typically kept slaves if they had the wealth to do so. Wages and hiring practices were fixed, identifying badges were sometimes required, and even work songs were sometimes censored.
The effects of slavery were pronounced on white society as well. In the s, the town’s churches intensified their discrimination against their Black parishioners, culminating in Bethel Methodist ‘s construction of a hearse house over its Black burial ground. In June , Black church members at Hampstead Church were arrested and eight of its leaders given fines and ten lashes; police raided the church again in and pressured it in In , members of the church, led by Denmark Vesey , a lay preacher  and carpenter who had bought his freedom after winning a lottery, planned an uprising and escape to Haiti —initially for Bastille Day —that failed when one slave revealed the plot to his master.
This structure later was the basis of the Citadel ‘s first campus. The AME congregation built a new church but in the city banned it and all Black worship services, following Nat Turner ‘s rebellion in Virginia. Slaveholders sometimes provided them with beef rations in place of pork in recognition of religious traditions. The registered tonnage of Charleston shipping in was 12, Soon, federal soldiers were dispensed to Charleston’s forts, and five United States Coast Guard cutters were detached to Charleston Harbor “to take possession of any vessel arriving from a foreign port, and defend her against any attempt to dispossess the Customs Officers of her custody until all the requirements of law have been complied with.
The state’s politicians worked on a compromise law in Washington to gradually reduce the tariffs. Charleston’s embrace of classical architecture began after a devastating fire leveled much of the city. The damaged buildings amounted to about one-fourth of all the businesses in the main part of the city.
When the many homes and business were rebuilt or repaired, a great cultural awakening occurred. Previous to the fire, only a few homes were styled as Greek Revival; many residents decided to construct new buildings in that style after the conflagration.
This tradition continued and made Charleston one of the foremost places to view Greek Revival architecture. The Gothic Revival also made a significant appearance in the construction of many churches after the fire that exhibited picturesque forms and reminders of devout European religion. By , the Market Hall and Sheds, where fresh meat and produce were brought daily, became a hub of commercial activity.
The slave trade also depended on the port of Charleston, where ships could be unloaded and the slaves bought and sold. The legal importation of African slaves had ended in , although smuggling was significant.
However, the domestic trade was booming. More than one million slaves were transported from the Upper South to the Deep South in the antebellum years, as cotton plantations were widely developed through what became known as the Black Belt. Many slaves were transported in the coastwise slave trade , with slave ships stopping at ports such as Charleston. Charleston played a major part in the Civil War.
As a pivotal city, both the Union and Confederate Armies vied for control of it. The Civil War began in Charleston Harbor in , and ended mere months after the Union forces took control of Charleston in South Carolina was the first state to secede. Union control of the sea permitted the repeated bombardment of the city, causing vast damage. Over the course of the war, some blockade runners got through but not a single one made it into or out of the Charleston Harbor between August and March General Gillmore’s land assault in July was unsuccessful  but the fall of Columbia and advance of General William T.
Sherman ‘s army through the state prompted the Confederates to evacuate the town on February 17, , burning the public buildings, cotton warehouses, and other sources of supply before their departure. The facilities were finally returned to the state and reopened as a military college in under the direction of Lawrence E. After the defeat of the Confederacy, federal forces remained in Charleston during Reconstruction. The war had shattered the city’s prosperity, but the African-American population surged from 17, in to over 27, in as freedmen moved from the countryside to the major city.
They purchased dogs, guns, liquor, and better clothes—all previously banned—and ceased yielding the sidewalks to whites. Many were educated and practiced skilled crafts;  they quickly became leaders of South Carolina’s Republican Party and its legislators.
By the late s, industry was bringing the city and its inhabitants back to a renewed vitality; new jobs attracted new residents. In , the Avery Normal Institute was established by the American Missionary Association as the first free secondary school for Charleston’s African American population. Sherman lent his support to the conversion of the United States Arsenal into the Porter Military Academy, an educational facility for former soldiers and boys left orphaned or destitute by the war.
Violent incidents occurred throughout the Piedmont of the state as white insurgents struggled to maintain white supremacy in the face of social changes after the war and granting of citizenship to freedmen by federal constitutional amendments.
After former Confederates were allowed to vote again, election campaigns from on were marked by violent intimidation of blacks and Republicans by conservative Democratic paramilitary groups, known as the Red Shirts. Violent incidents took place in Charleston on King Street on September 6 and in nearby Cainhoy on October 15, both in association with political meetings before the election.
The Cainhoy incident was the only one statewide in which more whites were killed than blacks. Another riot occurred in Charleston the day after the election, when a prominent Republican leader was mistakenly reported killed. In the early 20th century strong political machines emerged in the city reflecting economic, class, racial, and ethnic tensions.
The factions nearly all opposed U. Senator Ben Tillman who repeatedly attacked and ridiculed the city in the name of upstate poor farmers. Well organized factions within the Democratic Party in Charleston gave the voters clear choices and played a large role in state politics.
On August 31, , Charleston experienced a strong earthquake. The shock was estimated to have a moment magnitude of 7. It was felt as far away as Boston to the north, Chicago and Milwaukee to the northwest, as far west as New Orleans , as far south as Cuba , and as far east as Bermuda. The Charleston race riot of took place on the night of Saturday, May 10, between members of the US Navy and the local black population.
They attacked black individuals, businesses, and homes killing six and injuring dozens. Charleston languished economically for several decades in the 20th century, though the large federal military presence in the region helped to shore up the city’s economy. Charleston’s tourism boom began in earnest following the publication of Albert Simons and Samuel Lapham ‘s Architecture of Charleston  in the s. The Charleston Hospital Strike of , in which mostly black workers protested discrimination and low wages, was one of the last major events of the civil rights movement.
Joseph P. Riley Jr. Between and , Charleston saw two significant economic hits. First, the eye of Hurricane Hugo came ashore at Charleston Harbor in , and though the worst damage was in nearby McClellanville , three-quarters of the homes in Charleston’s historic district sustained damage of varying degrees.
The city was able to rebound fairly quickly after the hurricane and has grown in population, reaching an estimated , residents in After having been a majority-minority city for most of its history, in the late 20th century many whites began returning to the urban core of Charleston and the area gentrified with rising prices and rents.
From to , the peninsula’s population shifted from two-thirds black to two-thirds white; in residents numbered 20, whites to 10, blacks. On June 17, , year-old white supremacist Dylann Roof entered the historic Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church and sat in on part of a Bible study before shooting and killing nine people , all African Americans.
The deceased also included congregation members Susie Jackson, 87; Rev. Daniel Simmons Sr. Depayne Middleton-Doctor, 49; Rev. Sharonda Coleman-Singleton, 45; and Tywanza Sanders, On June 17, , the Charleston City Council apologized for its role in the slave trade and condemned its “inhumane” history.
It also acknowledged wrongs committed against African Americans by slavery and Jim Crow laws. As of the United States census , there were , people, 58, households, and 31, families residing in the city. Given Charleston’s high concentration of African Americans who spoke the Gullah language , a creole language that developed on the Sea Islands and in the Low Country, the local speech patterns were also influenced by this community. Today, Gullah is still spoken by many African American residents.
The traditional educated Charleston accent has long been noted in the state and throughout the South. It is typically heard in wealthy European American older people who trace their families back generations in the city. It has ingliding or monophthongal long mid-vowels, raises ay and aw in certain environments, and is nonrhotic.
Sylvester Primer of the College of Charleston wrote about aspects of the local dialect in his late 19th-century works: “Charleston Provincialisms”  and “The Huguenot Element in Charleston’s Provincialisms”, published in a German journal. He believed the accent was based on the English as it was spoken by the earliest settlers, therefore derived from Elizabethan England and preserved with modifications by Charleston speakers.
The disappearing “Charleston accent” spoken mainly by older natives is still noted in the local pronunciation of the city’s name. Many Charleston natives ignore the ‘r’ and elongate the first vowel, pronouncing the name as “Chalston”. Charleston is known as “The Holy City”. The Anglican church was dominant in the colonial era, and the Cathedral of St. Luke and St. Paul is today the seat of the Anglican Diocese of South Carolina.
Many French Huguenot refugees settled in Charleston in the early 18th century. South Carolina has long allowed Jews to practice their faith without restriction. Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim , founded in by Sephardic Jews from London, is the fourth-oldest Jewish congregation in the continental United States and was an important site for the development of Reform Judaism.
In , Charleston was established as the see city of the Diocese of Charleston , which at the time comprised the Carolinas and Georgia, and presently encompasses the state of South Carolina. The Supreme Council of the Scottish Rite , established in Charleston in , is considered the mother council of the world by Scottish Rite Freemasons. Charleston’s culture blends traditional Southern U. The downtown peninsula has a number of art, music, local cuisine, and fashion venues. Charleston’s oldest community theater group, the Footlight Players, has provided theatrical productions since A variety of performing arts venues includes the historic Dock Street Theatre.
The annual Charleston Fashion Week held each spring in Marion Square brings in designers, journalists, and clients from across the nation. Charleston is known for its local seafood, which plays a key role in the city’s renowned cuisine, comprising staple dishes such as gumbo , she-crab soup, fried oysters, Lowcountry boil, deviled crab cakes, red rice, and shrimp and grits.
Rice is the staple in many dishes, reflecting the rice culture of the Low Country. The cuisine in Charleston is also strongly influenced by British and French elements.
Charleston annually hosts Spoleto Festival USA founded by Gian Carlo Menotti, a day art festival featuring over performances by individual artists in a variety of disciplines. The Gullah community has had a tremendous influence on music in Charleston, especially when it comes to the early development of jazz music. In turn, the music of Charleston has had an influence on that of the rest of the country. The geechee dances that accompanied the music of the dock workers in Charleston followed a rhythm that inspired Eubie Blake ‘s “Charleston Rag” and later James P.
Johnson ‘s ” Charleston “, as well as the dance craze that defined a nation in the s. The Jenkins Orphanage was established in by the Rev. Daniel J. Jenkins in Charleston. The orphanage accepted donations of musical instruments and Rev. Jenkins hired local Charleston musicians and Avery Institute Graduates to tutor the boys in music.
As a result, Charleston musicians became proficient on a variety of instruments and were able to read music expertly. William “Cat” Anderson , Jabbo Smith , and Freddie Green are but a few of the alumni who became professional musicians. Orphanages around the country began to develop brass bands in the wake of the Jenkins Orphanage Band’s success.
As many as five bands were on tour during the s. The story was based in Charleston and featured the Gullah community. The Heywards insisted on hiring the real Jenkins Orphanage Band to portray themselves on stage. George Gershwin and Heyward spent the summer of at Folly Beach outside of Charleston writing this “folk opera”, as Gershwin called it.
Porgy and Bess is considered the Great American Opera [ citation needed ] and is widely performed. Charleston has a vibrant theater scene and is home to America’s first theater. Most of the theaters are part of the League of Charleston Theatres, better known as Theatre Charleston. Charleston has many historic buildings, art and historical museums, public parks , and other attractions, including:. Various books and films have been set in Charleston; some of the best known works are listed below.
Commercial shipping is important to the economy. The city has two shipping terminals, of a total of five terminals owned and operated by the South Carolina Ports Authority in the Charleston metropolitan area, which are part of the fourth-largest container seaport on the East Coast and the seventh-largest container seaport in the United States.
Sometimes known as Silicon Harbor,   the city is becoming a popular location for high tech and innovation ,  and this sector has had the highest rate of growth between and , due in large part to the Charleston Digital Corridor.
In , the Milken Institute ranked the Charleston region as the ninth-best performing economy in the US because of its growing IT sector. Charleston has a strong mayor-council government , with the mayor acting as the chief administrator and the executive officer of the municipality. The mayor also presides over city council meetings and has a vote, the same as other council members. The current mayor, since , is John Tecklenburg The council has 12 members who are each elected from single-member districts.
The City of Charleston Fire Department consists over full-time firefighters. These firefighters operate out of 21 companies located throughout the city: 16 engine companies, two tower companies, two ladder companies, a heavy rescue company, a HAZ-MAT unit and several special units. Training, Fire Marshall, Operations, and Administration are the divisions of the department. The department is presently led by Chief Daniel Curia. The City of Charleston Police Department , with a total of sworn officers, civilians, and 27 reserve police officers, is South Carolina’s largest police department.
United Nations population projections are also included through the year The current metro area population of Charleston-North Charleston in is , , a 1. The metro area population of Charleston-North Charleston in was , , a 1. The metro area population of Charleston-North Charleston in was , , a 2.
Download Historical Data Save as Image. Retrieved We Need Your Support! Close Window. Dallas-Fort Worth. Riverside-San Bernardino. South Carolina’s population hit nearly 5. More than half that growth came in just four counties: Horry, Greenville, York and Berkeley.
The Palmetto State’s growth has long been driven by people moving from other parts of the United States. Across the nation, metropolitan areas have mostly been gaining population while the reverse has been true for rural areas. That’s also been the case in South Carolina, where 18 of 46 counties lost population last year even as the state grew.
Some South Carolina counties have fewer residents than the largest planned communities now under development in Berkeley County will have when all the forecast construction is complete. Cane Bay Plantation and Cainhoy Plantation could each have about 25, residents when completed. Ten S. The challenge, said Cribb, is to grow, but not so fast that it’s overwhelming. Counties that are losing population will be struggling to pay for services, he said, when the census leads to a redistribution of government funding.
Metropolitan areas typically include multiple counties, and can cross state lines. The Myrtle Beach metro area includes part of North Carolina, for example, and the Charlotte metro area includes counties in South Carolina.
Among metropolitan areas in the U. Horry County has a negative birth rate — recording more deaths than births — and yet its population soared, gaining 9, people just last year. Nationally, the Myrtle Beach metro area was the second-fastest-growing in behind St. George, Utah, which sits on the Arizona border. Illustrating the trend, the Phoenix metro area last year replaced the Boston metro area as the 10th largest in the United States.
The Dallas metro area has gained 1. Domestic migration — U. The nation’s aging population has sent waves of retirees from states with long winters and high property taxes to states where snow is rare and taxes are low.
In the Southeastern states, after Myrtle Beach, Florida was home to most of the region’s fast-growing metro areas in The Raleigh-Cary, N.