What Does IP Stand for and How Does IP Address Work?.

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An IP address is a unique address that identifies a device on the internet or a local network. IP stands for “Internet Protocol,” which is the set of rules governing the format of data sent via the internet or local network.

In essence, IP addresses are the identifier that allows information to be sent between devices on a network: they contain location information and make devices accessible for communication. The internet needs a way to differentiate between different computers, routers, and websites.

IP addresses provide a way of doing so and form an essential part of how the internet works. An IP address is a string of numbers separated by periods. IP addresses are expressed as a set of four numbers — an example address might be Each number in the set can range from 0 to So, the full IP addressing range goes from 0. IP addresses are not random. ICANN is a non-profit organization that was established in the United States in to help maintain the security of the internet and allow it to be usable by all.

Each time anyone registers a domain on the internet, they go through a domain name registrar, who pays a small fee to ICANN to register the domain. Watch this video to learn what IP address is, why IP address is important and how to protect it from hackers:.

If you want to understand why a particular device is not connecting in the way you would expect or you want to troubleshoot why your network may not be working, it helps understand how IP addresses work. Internet Protocol works the same way as any other language, by communicating using set guidelines to pass information. All devices find, send, and exchange information with other connected devices using this protocol.

By speaking the same language, any computer in any location can talk to one another. The use of IP addresses typically happens behind the scenes. The process works like this:. As the process implies, there are different types of IP addresses, which we explore below.

There are different categories of IP addresses, and within each category, different types. Every individual or business with an internet service plan will have two types of IP addresses: their private IP addresses and their public IP address.

The terms public and private relate to the network location — that is, a private IP address is used inside a network, while a public one is used outside a network. Every device that connects to your internet network has a private IP address. This includes computers, smartphones, and tablets but also any Bluetooth-enabled devices like speakers, printers, or smart TVs.

With the growing internet of things , the number of private IP addresses you have at home is probably growing. Your router needs a way to identify these items separately, and many items need a way to recognize each other. Therefore, your router generates private IP addresses that are unique identifiers for each device that differentiate them on the network. A public IP address is the primary address associated with your whole network.

While each connected device has its own IP address, they are also included within the main IP address for your network. Your public IP address is the address that all the devices outside your internet network will use to recognize your network. Dynamic IP addresses change automatically and regularly.

ISPs buy a large pool of IP addresses and assign them automatically to their customers. Periodically, they re-assign them and put the older IP addresses back into the pool to be used for other customers.

The rationale for this approach is to generate cost savings for the ISP. There are security benefits, too, because a changing IP address makes it harder for criminals to hack into your network interface. In contrast to dynamic IP addresses, static addresses remain consistent. Once the network assigns an IP address, it remains the same. Most individuals and businesses do not need a static IP address, but for businesses that plan to host their own server, it is crucial to have one.

This is because a static IP address ensures that websites and email addresses tied to it will have a consistent IP address — vital if you want other devices to be able to find them consistently on the web.

This leads to the next point — which is the two types of website IP addresses. These are shared and dedicated. Websites that rely on shared hosting plans from web hosting providers will typically be one of many websites hosted on the same server. This tends to be the case for individual websites or SME websites, where traffic volumes are manageable, and the sites themselves are limited in terms of the number of pages, etc. Websites hosted in this way will have shared IP addresses.

Some web hosting plans have the option to purchase a dedicated IP address or addresses. This makes it easier to share and transfer files with multiple people within an organization and allow anonymous FTP sharing options.

A dedicated IP address also allows you to access your website using the IP address alone rather than the domain name — useful if you want to build and test it before registering your domain. Google will show you the answer at the top of the page. Other websites will show you the same information: they can see your public IP address because, by visiting the site, your router has made a request and therefore revealed the information.

Generally, you will only receive an approximation of location using this technique — where the provider is, but not the actual device location. If you are doing this, remember to log out of your VPN too. Obtaining the actual physical location address for the public IP address usually requires a search warrant to be submitted to the ISP. If you need to check the IP addresses of other devices on your network, go into the router.

How you access the router depends on the brand and the software it uses. Generally, you should be able to type the router’s gateway IP address into a web browser on the same network to access it.

From there, you will need to navigate to something like “attached devices,” which should display a list of all the devices currently or recently attached to the network — including their IP addresses.

Cybercriminals can use various techniques to obtain your IP address. Two of the most common are social engineering and online stalking. Attackers can use social engineering to deceive you into revealing your IP address. For example, they can find you through Skype or a similar instant messaging application, which uses IP addresses to communicate.

If you chat with strangers using these apps, it is important to note that they can see your IP address. Attackers can use a Skype Resolver tool, where they can find your IP address from your username.

Criminals can track down your IP address by merely stalking your online activity. Any number of online activities can reveal your IP address, from playing video games to commenting on websites and forums.

Once they have your IP address, attackers can go to an IP address tracking website, such as whatismyipaddress. They can then cross-reference other open-source data if they want to validate whether the IP address is associated with you specifically. They can then use LinkedIn, Facebook, or other social networks that show where you live, and then see if that matches the area given. If a Facebook stalker uses a phishing attack against people with your name to install spying malware , the IP address associated with your system would likely confirm your identity to the stalker.

If cybercriminals know your IP address, they can launch attacks against you or even impersonate you. It is important to be aware of the risks and how to mitigate them. Risks include:. Hackers are known to use hacked IP addresses to download illegal content and anything else they do not want to be traced back to them.

This could mean that you — through no fault of your own — could attract the attention of law enforcement. If they know your IP address, hackers can use geolocation technology to identify your region, city, and state. They only need to do a little more digging on social media to identify your home and potentially burgle it when they know you are away. Criminals can directly target your network and launch a variety of assaults. One of the most popular is a DDoS attack distributed denial-of-service.

This type of cyberattack occurs when hackers use previously infected machines to generate a high volume of requests to flood the targeted system or server. This creates too much traffic for the server to handle, resulting in a disruption of services. Essentially, it shuts down your internet. While this attack is typically launched against businesses and video game services, it can occur against an individual, though this is much less common.

Online gamers are at particularly high risk for this, as their screen is visible while streaming on which an IP address can be discovered. The internet uses ports as well as your IP address to connect. There are thousands of ports for every IP address, and a hacker who knows your IP can try those ports to attempt to force a connection. For example, they could take over your phone and steal your information. If a criminal does obtain access to your device, they could install malware on it.

Hiding your IP address is a way to protect your personal information and online identity. The two primary ways to hide your IP address are:. A proxy server is an intermediary server through which your traffic is routed:.

A drawback of proxy servers is that some of the services can spy on you — so you need to trust it. Depending on which one you use, they can also insert ads into your browser. Kaspersky Secure Connection is a VPN that protects you on public Wi-Fi, keeps your communications private, and ensures that you are not exposed to phishing, malware, viruses, and other cyber threats.

Using a VPN hides your IP address and redirects your traffic through a separate server, making it much safer for you online. Situations where you might use a VPN include:. If a hacker is on the same Wi-Fi network, it is easy for them to snoop on your data. The basic security that the average public Wi-Fi network employs does not provide robust protection from other users on the same network.

If you are traveling to a foreign country — for example, China, where sites like Facebook are blocked — a VPN can help you access services that may not be available in that country. The VPN will often allow you to use streaming services that you paid for and have access to in your home country, but they are not available in another because of international rights issues.

 
 

Ip Definition & Meaning | – IP address definition

 
IP stands for ‘Internet Protocol.’ A protocol is a guideline that must be followed in a set, specific way. IP is actually networking software. IP, International Paper ; IP, In Particular ; IP, Information Protection ; IP, Information Processing.

 

What is i p stand for. What Does IP Stand for and How Does IP Address Work? [MiniTool Wiki]

 

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